This is the only hummingbird that breeds in the eastern United States. When it migrates, it flies about 500 miles nonstop across the Gulf of Mexico. If you know what color a ruby is, you can identify this hummer.
This hummingbird migrates farther north than any other hummer. Some travel about 3,900 miles from Mexico to Alaska to breed. “Rufous” means reddish-brown.
This hummingbird is the smallest bird in North America. It weighs only about 1/10 of an ounce—less than two paper clips! Its throat has streaks of purplish-pink feathers.
This hummingbird is a colorful hummer of the southwestern United States. At about 5 inches long, it’s one of the largest hummingbirds to migrate here. It has a purple head and green throat.
This hummingbird lives in deserts as well as mountain forests. It has a velvety-black chin and throat and a light-colored chest.
This hummingbird once bred only from southern California southward. Now, thanks to feeders and gardens, it breeds as far north as British Columbia. It has bright reddish-pink feathers on its throat and head.
Photo: depositphotos. Illustrations: Sherrie York.